Bislama

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A language of Vanuatu

Alternate Names
Bichelamar
Population

10,000 in Vanuatu (2011), increasing. Ethnic population: 95% Melanesian.

Location

Also in New Caledonia.

Language Maps
Language Status

3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of national identity (1980, Constitution, Art 3(1)).

Dialects

Unlike Tok Pisin [tpi] (Papua New Guinea) and Pijin [pis] (Solomon Islands), there are some French loanwords. Partially intelligible with Pijin [pis] and Tok Pisin [tpi].

Language Use

Most in the country understand and use it as lingua franca and as a symbol of national identity. All ages, except elderly or youngest rural speakers. Positive attitudes. Also use English [eng] or French [fra].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 35%. Literacy rate in L2: Low. Proposed vernacular education (2011). Widespread informal use in elementary schools. Used informally in classrooms in secondary schools. Poetry. Magazines. Newspapers. New media. Radio programs. TV. Videos. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1998.
Writing
Latin script.
Other Comments

Christian.

Also spoken in:

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