10,000 in Vanuatu (2011), increasing. Ethnic population: 95% Melanesian. L2 users: Widely used by European and Asian expat residents, NGO’s and development agencies.
3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of national identity (1980, Constitution, Art 3(1)).Most in the country understand and use it as lingua franca and as a symbol of national identity.
All ages, except elderly or youngest rural speakers. Positive attitudes. Also use English [eng], French [fra]. Used as L2 by Daakaka [bpa], Eton [etn], Lakon [lkn], Lamenu [lmu], Lelepa [lpa], Lewo [lww], Marino [mrb], Maskelynes [klv], Merei [lmb], North Tanna [tnn], Sakao [sku], South Efate [erk].
Latin script [Latn].