Baruga

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A language of Papua New Guinea

Population

2,230 (2003 SIL), increasing. 800 Tafota, 990 Bareji, 440 Mado. 200 monolinguals.

Location

Oro (formerly Northern) Province, Tufi district, west Musa and Bariji rivers flood plains; Gaina [gcn], Bariji [bjc], and Yareba [yrb] language areas on south and west borders, Dyke Ackland bay is north; Ewage-Notu (Okeina dialect) [nou], Ambe Tofo, Korafe-Mokorua, Miniafia-Arifama, Ubir [ubr], and Maisin [mbq] villages on the east.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

Bareji, Baruga, Mado, Tafota Baruga. Lexical similarity: 56%–61% with Korafe-Yegha [kpr], Gaina [gcn] and Dogoro [dgx] (Dutton 1971), 43% with Ewage dialect of Ewage-Notu [nou].

Typology

SOV.

Language Use

Vigorous. Many non-Baruga wives of Baruga men learn it. All domains. Some in religious services. All ages. Positive attitudes. Some also use Hiri Motu [hmo]. Hiri Motu use diminishing as government communication usually in English [eng]. Also use English [eng], Ewage-Notu [nou], Korafe-Yegha [kpr], Tok Pisin [tpi].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 60%. Literacy rate in L2: 40%. 100% children, 45% women, 90% men. Prep to grade 2. Poetry. Bible portions: 1995–2008.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Work in Port Moresby and other towns but prefer to retire in Baruga territory. Christian, traditional religion.