Blackfoot

Print

A language of Canada

Alternate Names
Blackfeet, Pied Noir, Pikanii
Population

3,250 in Canada (2011 census), decreasing. Population total all countries: 3,350. Few monolinguals. Ethnic population: 15,000.

Location

South Alberta, Blackfoot, Piegan, and Blood reserves.

Language Status

7 (Shifting).

Dialects

Blood (Kainaa), Piegan (Peigan), Siksika.

Language Use

Some traditional ceremonies. Mainly adults. Positive attitudes. Younger speakers prefer to use English [eng]. Also use Plains Cree [crk].

Language Development
Efforts in some reserve schools to promote knowledge and use of Blackfoot. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1890–1980.
Writing

Latin script [Latn]. Unified Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics script [Cans], no longer in use.

Also spoken in:

Expand All Collapse All