A language of China

Alternate Names
Bulang, K’ala, Kawa, Kontoi, Plang, Pula, Pulang

42,000 in China (2000 census). Population total all countries: 55,200.


Southwest Yunnan Province, Xishuangbanna Dai autonomous prefecture, Menghai county, Bulangshan, Bada, Xiding, and Daluo districts; Jinghong county, Damengnong district. Also in Myanmar, Thailand.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


Kem Degne, Phang. In Thailand, the group from Mae Sai came from Sipsongpanna, Yunnan, China, stayed in Myanmar for a while, and have been in Thailand since 1974. 6 to 10 dialects represented in one refugee village in Thailand. Samtao [stu] of Myanmar and China is not intelligible with Plang, but is closely related to Plang and Wa [wbm].


SVO; modifiers follow noun heads; voiceless nasal initials; singular-dual-plural pronoun distinction; rich in morphophonemic processes; tonal, 4 tones

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Lü [khb], Wa [wbm], or Chinese [cmn].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 77% (2000 census). Grammar. Bible portions.
Latin script. Thai script.
Other Comments

Officially classified within Blang nationality, which includes Plang, U, Parauk, Samtao [stu] and Kon Keu [kkn] languages. Buddhist (Hinayana), Christian.

Also spoken in:

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