1,070,000 in China (1990 census). 86% monolinguals. 570,000 Dbus, 460,000 Gtsang, 40,000 Mngahris out of 4,593,000 in the official nationality. Population total all countries: 1,178,470.
Tibet Autonomous Region, Sichuan and Qinghai provinces. Also in Bhutan (Tibetan), Taiwan (Tibetan), India (Tibetan), Nepal (Tibetan), Norway (Tibetan), Switzerland (Tibetan), United States (Tibetan).
2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Xizang Autonomous Region (Tibet) (1984, Ethnic Regional Autonomy Act, Articles 10 and 21).
Dbus, Deqing Zang, Gtsang (Lhasa, Tsang), Mngahris (Ngari). In the exile community a so-called diaspora Tibetan has developed.
SOV; tonal, 4 tones
Vigorous. Speakers of other languages in the area can also speak Tibetan. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes.
Officially classified within Tibetan nationality called Zang. Xifan (Hsifan) and Bhotia are general terms for Tibetan. Probably includes many languages: Groma, Niarong, Lhomi, Panang, Sherpa, Tseku, Tinan Lahul. Nomads in central and northern Tibet in Phala on the 4,500-meter Chang Tang plateau are known as Drokba. They number around 500,000. Written Tibetan is reportedly based on a southern dialect. Buddhist (Lamaist), Muslim.