77,500 in India (2001 census). Population total all countries: 117,500.
Assam, Cachar, Hailakandi, and Karimganj districts; north Tripura.
Madai Gang (Leimanai), Rajar Gang (Ningthaunai). Though once regarded as a Bengali-Meitei creole, it retains pre-Bengali features (Masica 1991). Lexical similarity: 81%–85% between dialects in Bangladesh, 41%–45% with Bengali [ben].
SOV; postpositions, articles before noun heads, question word before the verb, affixes indicate case of noun phrase; CV, CVC, CVV, CCV, VC, VCV; nontonal.
Also use Bengali [ben].
Bengali script [Beng].
Reported to also live in three villages in Myanmar but these villages cannot be identified. Hindu.