A language of Nigeria

Alternate Names
Bisã, Bisayã, Busa-Bisã, Busano, Bussanchi

40,000 (2005 R. Jones). 20,000 ethnic Laaru, Lupa and Kambari. Ethnic population: 20,000.


Niger State, Borgu LGA; Kebbi State, Bagudo LGA. 35 villages.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Illo, New Busa, Wawa. New Busa and Wawa dialects inherently intelligible. New Busa is prestigious, but Wawa dialect is viewed as purer and used for literature. New Busa has Hausa [hau]-influenced phonology. Illo Busa dialect has Boko [bqc] influence. Lexical similarity: 91% with Bokobaru [bus], 85% with Boko [bqc], 54% with Kyanga [tye], 50% with Bisa [bib] in Burkina Faso.


SOV; postpositions; genitives before noun heads; articles, adjectives, numerals, relatives after noun heads; question word initial or final; 4 suffixes; word order distinguishes subject, object, indirect object; person, number, aspect included in subject pronouns; tone indicates some verb aspect; passive; CV, CVV, CCV; grammatical tone affects NPs, verbs, and pronouns; tonal, 3 level tones

Language Use

Positive attitudes. Also use Hausa [hau], Cishingini [asg], or English [eng].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 5%. Busa and Hausa adult literacy programs. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 2004.
Latin script, used since 2004.
Other Comments

Different from Bisa [bib] of Burkina Faso and Ghana. The Hausa call several groups of people (Boko, Bokobaru, Busa, Bariba) Bussawa, while the Yoruba call them Bariba. Glossonym: Bussanchi by the Hausa. Muslim, Christian.