5,000,000 in Indonesia (2000 census), increasing.
South Sulawesi Province, Kolaka, Wundulako, Rumbia, and Poleang subdistricts, west coast, eastward through to Bone bay; Polmas and Mamuju districts, coastal swamp areas such as Bulukumba, Luwu, and Polewali. Major towns, enclaves in Sulawesi, Kalimantan, Maluku, Papua, and Sumatra provinces. Also in Malaysia.
Barru (Nepo, Pare-Pare, Soppeng Riaja, Tanete, Tompo), Bone (Dua Boccoe, Mare, Palakka), Camba, Luwu (Bua Ponrang, Luwu’, Malangke-Ussu, Wara), Pangkep (Pangkajene), Pasangkayu (Ugi Riawa), Sawitto (Pinrang), Sidrap (Alitta, Pinrang Utara, Sidenrang), Sinjai (Bulukumba, Enna, Palattae), Soppeng (Kessi), Wajo. Bone and Soppeng dialects are central.
Vigorous. 500,000 L2 speakers. Most also use Indonesian [ind].