5,000,000 in Indonesia (2000 census), increasing. Population total all countries: 5,017,800. L2 users: 500,000 in Indonesia.
Sulawesi area, scattered communities generally on various coasts; Sulawesi Selatan Province, Kolaka, Wundulako, Rumbia, and Poleang subdistricts, west coast, eastward through to head of Bone bay, contiguous coastal area; interior near Sulawesi Tenggara, Lake Towuti area; Sulawesi Tenggara Province, south of lake, along east coast of Bone bay, 3 enclaves; Kasiputih area facing Muna island; Sulawesi Tengah Province, west side, areas at Oti, Toaya, and Donggola; east side, 3 enclaves on Tolo bay; Sulawesi Barat Province, Mandar bay, 2 more enclaves (More, Pasangkayu) along Makassar strait; possible other small concentrations in Kalimantan, Maluku, Papua, and Sumatra provinces.
3 (Wider communication).
Barru (Nepo, Pare-Pare, Soppeng Riaja, Tanete, Tompo), Bone (Dua Boccoe, Mare, Palakka), Camba, Luwu (Bua Ponrang, Luwu’, Malangke-Ussu, Wara), Pangkep (Pangkajene), Pasangkayu (Ugi Riawa), Sawitto (Pinrang), Sidrap (Alitta, Pinrang Utara, Sidenrang), Sinjai (Bulukumba, Enna, Palattae), Soppeng (Kessi), Wajo. Bone and Soppeng dialects are central.