Bugis

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A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Boegineesche, Boeginezen, Bugi, Buginese, De’, Rappang Buginese, Ugi
Population

5,000,000 in Indonesia (2000 census), increasing. Population total all countries: 5,017,800. L2 users: 500,000 in Indonesia.

Location

Sulawesi area, scattered communities generally on various coasts; Sulawesi Selatan Province, Kolaka, Wundulako, Rumbia, and Poleang subdistricts, west coast, eastward through to head of Bone bay, contiguous coastal area; interior near Sulawesi Tenggara, Lake Towuti area; Sulawesi Tenggara Province, south of lake, along east coast of Bone bay, 3 enclaves; Kasiputih area facing Muna island; Sulawesi Tengah Province, west side, areas at Oti, Toaya, and Donggola; east side, 3 enclaves on Tolo bay; Sulawesi Barat Province, Mandar bay, 2 more enclaves (More, Pasangkayu) along Makassar strait; possible other small concentrations in Kalimantan, Maluku, Papua, and Sumatra provinces.

Language Maps
Language Status

3 (Wider communication).

Dialects

Barru (Nepo, Pare-Pare, Soppeng Riaja, Tanete, Tompo), Bone (Dua Boccoe, Mare, Palakka), Camba, Luwu (Bua Ponrang, Luwu’, Malangke-Ussu, Wara), Pangkep (Pangkajene), Pasangkayu (Ugi Riawa), Sawitto (Pinrang), Sidrap (Alitta, Pinrang Utara, Sidenrang), Sinjai (Bulukumba, Enna, Palattae), Soppeng (Kessi), Wajo. Bone and Soppeng dialects are central.

Language Use

Vigorous. Two villages of mainly Muslim Geser [ges] and Bugis also use Fordata [frd]. Also use Indonesian [ind]. Used as L2 by Kodeoha [vko], Kodeoha [vko], Lemolang [ley], Moronene [mqn], Rahambuu [raz], Selayar [sly], Wotu [wtw].

Language Development
Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1900–1997.
Writing

Buginese script [Bugi], no longer in use. Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Muslim.

Also spoken in:

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