Bugis

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A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Boegineesche, Boeginezen, Bugi, Buginese, De’, Rappang Buginese, Ugi
Population

5,000,000 in Indonesia (2000 census), increasing. Population total all countries: 5,017,800. L2 users: 500,000 in Indonesia.

Location

South Sulawesi Province, Kolaka, Wundulako, Rumbia, and Poleang subdistricts, west coast, eastward through to Bone bay; Polmas and Mamuju districts, coastal swamp areas such as Bulukumba, Luwu, and Polewali. Major towns, enclaves in Sulawesi, Kalimantan, Maluku, Papua, and Sumatra provinces.

Language Maps
Language Status

3 (Wider communication).

Dialects

Barru (Nepo, Pare-Pare, Soppeng Riaja, Tanete, Tompo), Bone (Dua Boccoe, Mare, Palakka), Camba, Luwu (Bua Ponrang, Luwu’, Malangke-Ussu, Wara), Pangkep (Pangkajene), Pasangkayu (Ugi Riawa), Sawitto (Pinrang), Sidrap (Alitta, Pinrang Utara, Sidenrang), Sinjai (Bulukumba, Enna, Palattae), Soppeng (Kessi), Wajo. Bone and Soppeng dialects are central.

Language Use

Vigorous. Two villages of mainly Muslim Geser [ges] and Bugis also use Fordata [frd]. Also use Indonesian [ind]. Used as L2 by Kodeoha [vko], Kodeoha [vko], Lemolang [ley], Moronene [mqn], Rahambuu [raz], Selayar [sly], Wotu [wtw].

Language Development
Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1900–1997.
Writing

Buginese script [Bugi], no longer in use. Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Muslim.

Also spoken in:

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