12,000 (2011 W. Eckermann). 4,800 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 12,500.
Morobe Province, Huon gulf coast. Eastern dialect: Ulugidu, Bukawasip; Central-Western dialect: Wideru, Hec, and Cape Arkona villages, Buhalu, Tikeleng; Western dialect: Lae city villages; South Western dialect: Busamang, Asini.
Central Bugawac, Central-Eastern Bugawac, Central-Western Bugawac, Eastern Bugawac, South-Western Bugawac, Western Bugawac. Reportedly similar to Yabem [jae].
Latin script [Latn], used since 2000.