5,460 in Brazil (1983 SIL). Population total all countries: 6,070. Ethnic population: 5,150 (Crevels 2007).
Amazonas, Middle Içana river. Also in Venezuela.
Carutana. The Carutana dialect is extinct. Related to Curripaco [kpc]. Groups on middle Içana and Ayarí rivers speak Baniwa: Hohodené, Kadaupuritana, Sucuriyu-Tapuya, Siusy-Tapuya, Irá-Tapuya, Kawá-Tapuya, Waliperedakenai (Ribeiro 1967).
Go to Colombia or Venezuela to work or trade. Some isolated and uncontacted groups of Baniwa may exist in Brazil.