219,000 (2010 census). Ethnic population: 461,000 (2010 census).
Republic of Buryatiya, Irkutskaya Oblast’, Zabaykalsky; Siberia, east of Lake Baikal, bordering on Mongolia.
5 (Developing). Statutory language of provincial identity in Buriat Republic (1993, Constitution, Article 68(2)).
Alar, Barguzin, Bohaan, Bokhan, Ekhirit-Bulagat, Ninzne-Udinsk, Oka, Selengin, Tunka, Unga. Less influenced by Russian [rus] east of Lake Baikal; more similar to Mongolia. Literary dialect differs considerably from those in Mongolia and China, which are influenced by other languages. Khori is the main dialect in the Russian Federation. Speakers in Russian Federation appear to understand each other well. A member of macrolanguage Buriat [bua].
Children in rural areas usually learn Buriat, but in cities Russian [rus] is often spoken even between Buriat speakers (Salminen 2007). Home, community. All ages. Neutral attitudes. 72% also use Russian [rus]. Younger people in the cities also use Russian, the contact language with the outside world. Used as L2 by Evenki [evn].
Cyrillic script [Cyrl].
Heavily influenced by Russian [rus]. Buddhist (Lamaist), traditional religion.