A language of China

Alternate Names
Gang Bau, Kang Bau, Kang Beu, Kang Pau

80,000 (Liang Min and Zhang Junru 2002). 10,000 women and small children are monolingual. Ethnic population: 120,000.


Guangdong Province, southwest corner of Huaiji county, Shidong, Yonggu, Dagang, Liangcun, and Qiaotou districts; Fengkai county, Chang’an, Jinzhuang, and Qixing districts, several villages.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


Minor dialect differences, but all mutually intelligible.

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. With Biao people, Biao usually used. Most Biao have frequent contact with Chinese-speaking Han and Zhuang people, and then use a local Yue Chinese [yue] dialect, often Bai hua.

Language Development
There is an effort to use more standard Mandarin in schools in the Biao area. Grammar.
Other Comments

Officially classified within Han nationality, but consider themselves a distinct ethnic group from Chinese-speaking Han people around them. Traditional religion, Daoist, Buddhist.