A language of China

Alternate Names
Gang Bau, Kang Bau, Kang Beu, Kang Pau

80,000 (Liang Min and Zhang Junru 2002). 10,000 monolinguals. Women and small children are monolingual. Ethnic population: 120,000.


Guangdong Province, southwest corner of Huaiji county, Shidong, Yonggu, Dagang, Liangcun, and Qiaotou districts; Fengkai county, Chang’an, Jinzhuang, and Qixing districts, several villages.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized nationality: Han.


Minor dialect differences, but all mutually intelligible.

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. With Biao people, Biao usually used. Most Biao have frequent contact with Chinese-speaking Han and Zhuang people, and then use a local Yue Chinese [yue] dialect, often Bai hua.

Language Development
There is an effort to use more standard Mandarin in schools in the Biao area. Grammar.

Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

Consider themselves a distinct ethnic group from Chinese-speaking Han people around them. Traditional religion, Buddhist, Daoist.