A language of Honduras

Alternate Names
Black Carib, Caribe, Central American Carib, Garífuna, Island Carib

98,000 in Honduras (Rivas 1993). Population total all countries: 195,800. 100 monolinguals.


North coast between Masca, Cortes Department, and Plaplaya, Gracias a Dios Department; also includes Atlántida, Colón, and Islas de la Bahía (Roatan island) departments, as well as cities La Ceiba, San Pedro Sula, Tegucigalpa, and Puerto Cortés; 37 villages in Honduras, 46 elsewhere in Central America.

Language Status

5 (Developing).


Eastern Garifuna, Western Garifuna. Eastern Garifuna dialect is in Honduras and Nicaragua (leaves out, r, and tends to shorten words), Western Garifuna in Guatemala and Belize. Related to Island Carib [car], with Spanish [spa], English [eng], and French [fra] borrowings.



Language Use

Shifting to Spanish [spa] in some villages. All domains. Mostly positive attitudes. Also use English [eng], Spanish [spa].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 5%–15%. Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 2002.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.

Also spoken in:

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