1,120 (Crevels 2007). Ethnic population: 3,000 (Crevels 2007).
Morona, Pastaza, Huitoyacu, and Chapuli rivers.
5 (Developing). Language of recognized nationality (1993, Constitution, Article 48).
Chapara (Shapra), Kandoashi. May be distantly related to Arawakan; probably not Jivaroan.
Language maintenance program and bilingual education program (2007). All ages. Positive attitudes.