A language of Bangladesh


1,300 in Bangladesh (2005). Population total all countries: 44,300.


Rajshahi Division, Puthia, Mohonpur and Mundumala areas. Also in India.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


Lexical similarity: 49%–55% with Santhali [sat], 61%–67% with Mundari [unr], 57%–60% with Kol [ekl]; wordlist contained 19% Bengali [ben] words.

Language Use

May be in slow transition to colloquial Bengali [ben]. Education rate low. 60% say Bengali is their best language. Home, community. All ages. Negative attitudes. Considered inferior to Bengali [ben] which is favored for education and economic advancement. Most also use colloquial Bengali [ben]. Those who travel often speak some Santhali [sat].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 0%. Literacy rate in L2: Below 10% in Bengali.
Bengali script.
Other Comments

Hindu, traditional religion.

Also spoken in:

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