Choctaw

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A language of United States

Population

10,400 (2010 census), decreasing. Ethnic population: 120,400 including 111,400 in Oklahoma (1998 Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma). 20,000 in Oklahoma (Golla 2007).

Location

Southeast Oklahoma, McCurtain county; east central Mississippi; some in Louisiana and Tennessee.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Choctaw find Chickasaw [cic] unintelligible.

Language Use

Language preservation activities emphasize distance learning. Prominent in church. All ages in Mississippi, middle-aged and older in Oklahoma.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 5%–10%. Literacy rate in L2: 75%–100%. NT: 1848.
Writing
Latin script.
Other Comments

The Houma are 12,000 racially mixed descendants of a Choctaw subgroup in southern Louisiana who speak a dialect of Cajun French [frc], and no longer speak Choctaw.