Chinantec, Ozumacín


A language of Mexico

Alternate Names
Chinanteco de Ayotzintepec, Chinanteco del sureste alto, Juujmii

3,140 (2000 INALI). 260 monolinguals (1990 census).


Northeast Oaxaca, San Pedro Ozumacín, Ayotzintepec, and Santiago Progreso.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).


Ayotzintepec. Ozumacín town has slight dialect differences from others. 63% intelligibility of Palantla [cpa] (most similar), 22% of Lalana [cnl] and Valle Nacional [cvn].

Language Use

Half of parents pass it on to children. Most domains, local administration, commerce, some in religious services. All ages. Negative attitudes. View Chinantec as inferior to Spanish [spa], but continue to use it. 3,500 also use some Spanish [spa]. Also use Palantla Chinantec [cpa].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%–75%. 15 readers, 4 can write. NT: 2003.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments