456,000 in Angola (1991). Population total all countries: 983,280.
Widespread: Northeast Lunda district; east Bie, west Moxico, and central Cuando Cubango, Kunene, Malanje, Lunda Sul, Lunda Norte.
3 (Wider communication). De facto language of national identity.
Minungo, Ukhongo, Ulanda.
Home, church, commerce. All ages. Positive attitudes. 50% also use Portuguese [por].
Latin script [Latn].
Christian, traditional religion.