Cham, Eastern

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A language of Viet Nam

Alternate Names
Bhamam, Chiem, Chiem Thành, Tjam
Population

72,900 in Viet Nam (2002). All Cham: 250,000 (Bradley 2007). Population total all countries: 73,790.

Location

Binh Thuan, Ninh Thuan, and Dong Nai provinces; Ho Chi Minh City. Also in United States.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Language Use

Being replaced by Vietnamese [vie] (2007).

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 5%–10%. Literacy rate in L2: 60%. Radio programs. Bible portions: 1973.
Writing
Arabic script. Cham script, primary usage. Latin script.
Other Comments

Part of official Cham 161,729 (2009 census) ethnic community which includes Western Cham [cja] and Haroi [hro]. Remnants of a once-powerful kingdom. Austro-Asiatic influences. Traditional religion, Hindu, Christian.