Chinese, Jinyu

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A language of China

Alternate Names
Jin, Jinyu
Population

45,000,000 (1995).

Location

Mainly Shaanxi Province; some in west Hebei and Henan provinces.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Changzhi, Pingyao. Formerly considered part of Xibei Guanhua dialect of Mandarin Chinese [cmn], but now considered by many a separate major dialect of Chinese. Unlike Mandarin, it has contrastive glottal-checked syllables and other distinctive features.

Typology

SVO; tonal

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 91% (2000 census, Han nationality). Highly literate in Chinese and they use that literature.
Writing
Han script, Simplified variant. Han script, Traditional variant.
Other Comments

Majority officially classified within Han nationality.