3,500,000 in Iraq (2009). Population total all countries: 6,750,000.
South of Great Zab river, Silemani (Sulaimaniya), Arbil, Kirkuk, Khanaqin, and Mandali provinces. Diaspora communities elsewhere, including western Europe and the United States. Also in Iran.
2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Kurdistan Region (2005, Constitution, Article 4(1)).
Bingird, Garmiyani, Hewleri (Arbili), Kerkuki, Mukri, Pizhdar, Rewandiz, Suleimani (Silemani), Warmawa, Xoshnaw. In Sulaimaniya, Hewleri and Kerkuki dialects seen as mutually intelligible.
SOV; no grammatical gender or case; noun head initial; tense-split ergative pattern; 9 vowel phonemes, 31 consonant phonemes (McCarus 2009)
All domains. Children learn it first. Positive attitudes.
Muslim (Sunni), Christian, Yezidi.