Chukchi

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A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Chuchee, Chukcha, Chukchee, Chukot, Luoravetlan
Population

5,100 (2010 census). Ethnic population: 15,800 (2002 census).

Location

Northeast Siberia, Chukchi peninsula, Chukotka Autonomous Region and Kamchatka District.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Chaun, Enmylinskij, Enurmin, Nunligranskij, Pevekskij, Uellanskij, Xatyrskij, Yanrakinot. Closely related to Alutor [air], Kerek [krk] and Koryak [kpy]. Itelmen [itl] is more distantly related. Chukchi may be mutually intelligible with some varieties of Koryak (1988 B. Comrie). Literary dialect and gender dialects also exist. Gender differences largely phonological. Women’s dialect largely ignored in language development.

Language Use

60% of the population. Few domains but extensive use in reindeer herding brigades. Very few children are speaking it (2007). Positive attitudes. Also use Russian [rus], Yakut [sah], Even [eve], or Yukaghir [ykg]. Less than 50 speakers of Russian with varying proficiency, but nomadic groups resist Russian language and culture.

Language Development
Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 2004.
Writing
Cyrillic script.
Other Comments

School at Anadyr. Chukchi in Magadan area are nomadic. Traditional religion.