Chilcotin

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A language of Canada

Alternate Names
Tzilkotin
Population

930 (2011 census). 100 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 2,500.

Location

South central British Columbia, west of Williams Lake. 7 reserve communities: Alexandria, Toosey, Anahim, Stone, Nemiah, Redstone, Ulkatcho.

Language Maps
Language Status

7 (Shifting).

Typology

SOV.

Language Use

Preferred by adults. Adolescents to elderly. Most children prefer English [eng]. Grandparents pass the language to some children. Many decry the perceived loss of Chilcotin among the younger generation. A small number of English speakers (mostly missionaries) have made attempts to learn Chilcotin. Also use Carrier [crx], English [eng].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 25%. Literacy rate in L2: 25%–50%. Taught in primary schools. Bible portions: 1993.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Christian (Roman Catholic).