100,000 in Iraq (1994 H. Mutzafi). Population total all countries: 206,000.
Mosul, Baghdad, Basrah, southeast Iraqi Kurdistan. Also in Belgium, Canada, Germany, Lebanon, Netherlands, Syria, Turkey, United States.
7 (Shifting). Recognized language (2005, Constitution, Article 4(1)), constitutional term: Syriac. Unevenly recognized except in Kurdistan Region.
Ethnic group distinct religiously from other Northeastern Aramaic varieties; separated from the Assyrian in 16th century. The names Chaldean and Assyrian sometimes used in a popular sense to include both groups. Originally located in central western and northern Iraqi Kurdistan and some in bordering Turkey. Christian.