A language of India

Alternate Names
“Chulikata” (pej.), “Chulikotta” (pej.), Ida, Idu, Midhi, Midu, Sulikota, Yidu Luoba

11,000 in India (2001 census). 20% monolingual. Population total all countries: 11,080.


Arunachal Pradesh, Dibang Valley district; Assam; West Bengal. Also in China (Yidu Luoba).

Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


Most similar to Digaro-Mishmi [mhu]. Different from Adi [adi]. May be a dialect of Mising [mrg]. Lexical similarity: 7% with the Miju-Mishmi dialect of Miju-Mishmi [mxj], 25% with Digaro-Mishmi [mhu].


SOV; postpositions; genitives before noun heads; numerals after noun heads, adjective and relatives before noun head; affixes indicate case of noun phrase; comparatives; open syllables; tonal

Language Use

Home, community, religion. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Assamese [asm], Hindi [hin], or Nepali [npi]. Educated use English [eng].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 55% (2001 census). Radio programs. Grammar.
Tibetan script, used in China.
Other Comments

Mishmi Idu is a Scheduled Tribe. May not be in the Tani group, but is related. Traditional religion, Buddhist, Hindu.

Also spoken in:

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