5,510 (2001 DNP). Ethnic population: Total Emberá in Colombia: 71,000 (Arango Ochoa and Sánchez Gutierrez 1998).
Departments of Risaralda, Caldas, Antioquia, Valle, including Caramanta municipality.
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 5%–15%. Grammar. Bible portions: 1989–1994.