840,000,000 in China (2000 census), increasing. 70% of Chinese language users speak a Mandarin dialect as L1. Population total all countries: 847,755,970.
Widespread north of Changjiang river, a belt south of the Changjiang from Qiujiang (Jiangxi) to Zhenjiang (Jiangsu), Hubei Province, except southeast corner, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou provinces, northwest Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, and northwest corner of Hunan Province. Also in Australia, Brunei, Cambodia, Canada, Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan, Equatorial Guinea, Indonesia, South Korea, Laos, Libya, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mongolia, Mozambique, Myanmar, Philippines, Russian Federation, Singapore, Thailand, United Kingdom, United States, Viet Nam, Zambia.
1 (National). De facto national language.
Huabei Guanhua (Northern Mandarin), Jinghuai Guanhua (Eastern Mandarin, Jiangxia Guanhua, Lower Yangze Mandarin), Xibei Guanhua (Northwestern Mandarin), Xinan Guanhua (Southwestern Mandarin). Speakers of Kokang variety in Myanmar are most similar to the dialect spoken in Yunnan Province, China.
SVO; analytic; aspect; 6 full (concrete meaning) word classes; tonal
There are Mandarin speakers in all 56 official nationalities of China, but the majority in China are classified under Han, Manchu and Hui nationalities. Traditional religion, Confucianist, Daoist, Buddhist, Muslim (Hui), Jewish, Christian.