260,000 in Ukraine (2006 A. Goriainov). Population total all countries: 475,540.
5 (Developing). Recognized language (2009, No. 1167-VI, Autonomous Republic Crimea Republic Constitution (amended), Articles 11-13), protected language.
Mostly the older generations speak it, but it could be shifting up in use.
Sometimes confused with, but distinct from, Tatar [tat]. Muslim.