69,900 (1999 SIL).
São Tomé Island except south tip.
6b (Threatened). De facto language of provincial identity in São Tomé Island except south tip.
The language of social identity in most São Tomé social networks for age 30 and above. Forros, the emancipated, are a distinct ethnolinguistic group from the Angolares. Most also use Portuguese [por].
Tonal, although 90% of lexicon of Portuguese [por] origin.