Cree, Northern East

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A language of Canada

Alternate Names
Eastern James Bay Cree Northern Dialect, James Bay Cree Northern
Population

5,310 (1997 MSSS).

Location

West central Quebec, east coast of lower Hudson Bay and James Bay; some speakers likely on Nunavut islands in James Bay; Whapmagoostui, Chisasibi, Wemindji, and most in Eastmain communities.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

Palatalized y-dialect within Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi language complex or dialect subgroup. Sometimes classified as Montagnais. A member of macrolanguage Cree [cre].

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. Also use English [eng].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 20%–25%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%. Taught in primary schools. Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1921.
Writing

Latin script [Latn]. Unified Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics script [Cans], uses eastern finals, dot first.