3,590 (2000 INALI). 730 monolinguals (1990 census). Ethnic population: 6,300.
North Oaxaca, Cuicatlán, San Pedro Sochiapan, Retumbadero, San Juan Zautla, Santiago Quetzalapa, and San Juan Zapotitlán.
VSO; short words, affixes, clitics; tonal
Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. 10 to 20 also use some English [eng].
Self-name is tsá2 há2lí13–people (where) wild flowers (grow). Transients go to Mexico City to work as maids, gardeners, or laborers, but the majority return and settle down in the villages. Christian, traditional religion.