Chinantec, Sochiapam


A language of Mexico

Alternate Names
Chinanteco del oeste, Sochiapan Chinantec

3,590 (2000 INALI). 730 monolinguals (1990 census). Ethnic population: 6,300.


North Oaxaca, Cuicatlán, San Pedro Sochiapan, Retumbadero, San Juan Zautla, Santiago Quetzalapa, and San Juan Zapotitlán.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


None known. 66% intelligibility of Tlacoatzintepec [ctl] (most similar), 56% of Chiltepec [csa], 45% of Usila [cuc], 11% of Tepetotutla [cnt].


VSO; short words, affixes, clitics; tonal.

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes. 10 to 20 also use some English [eng].

Language Development
20% can read, 10% can write–all in San Pedro Sochiapam. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1986.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Self-name is tsá2 há2lí13–people (where) wild flowers (grow). Transients go to Mexico City to work as maids, gardeners, or laborers, but the majority return and settle down in the villages. Christian, traditional religion.