Chittagonian

Print

A language of Bangladesh

Alternate Names
Chatgaiyan Buli, Chatgaya, Chittagonian Bengali
Population

13,000,000 (2006 SIL).

Location

Chittagong region.

Language Maps
Language Status

3 (Wider communication).Used as an L2 in Rangamati, Bandarban, Cox’ s Bazar, and Chittagong districts primarily for business and market.

Dialects

Not inherently intelligible with Bengali [ben], although considered a nonstandard Bengali dialect. Dialects form a continuum from north to south, with a larger religious distinction between Muslim and others. Rohingya [rhg] in Myanmar is reportedly similar to the southern dialect of Chittagonian. Lexical similarity: 43%–64% with Bangla [ben].

Language Use

Home, family, religion. 60% also use Bengali [ben]. Village women without access to TV do not understand Bengali. Educated people understand some Bengali, but are not comfortable using it. Education is in standard Bengali. Used as L2 by Bengali [ben], Chakma [ccp], Marma [rmz], Mru [mro], Rakhine [rki], Rohingya [rhg], Tippera [tpe].

Language Development
Lower literacy rate than most of the country. TV.
Writing

Arabic script [Arab]. Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Muslim, Christian, Hindu.