3,710 (2011 census), decreasing. No monolinguals. Ethnic population: 5,000.
East, Kosi Zone, Dhankuta district, Chhintang and Aahale VDCs.
6b (Threatened). Language of recognized indigenous nationality: Rai.
Mulgaun, Sambhugaon. Probably not intelligible with Bantawa [bap], but sometimes considered a dialect of it due to reportedly ethnic similarities. Only a few lexical items and grammatical markers are different between the two dialects.
SOV; postpositions; noun head final; no noun classes or genders; content q-word in situ; up to 4 prefixes (in free order), up to 7 suffixes; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; verbal affixation marks person and number; ergativity; both tense and aspect; no passives or voice; nontonal; 29 consonant and 6 vowel phonemes.
Home, religion, work; mixed use: Friends. Young adults and older. Some use among children and adolescents. Neutral attitudes. Most also use Bantawa [bap].
Devanagari script [Deva], recently developed.
Traditional religion, Christian.