6,100 in Colombia (Civallero 2008), increasing. Population total all countries: 6,260. 610 monolinguals.
Vaupes Department, Vaupés, Cuduyari, Querarí rivers and tributaries; possibly some in Guainía Department.
3 (Wider communication).Cubeo is lingua franca for northwest Vaupés area and Tucano [tuo] is the lingua franca for the southeast section.
Latin script [Latn].
Exogamous marriage pattern with speakers of other languages. Decrease in infant mortality has caused an increase in population. Traditional religion, Christian.