6,100 in Colombia (Civallero 2008), increasing. 10% monolinguals. Population total all countries: 6,260.
Vaupés, Amazonas, and Vichada departments, Vaupés, Cuduyari, Querarí rivers and tributaries. Also in Guainía Department. Also in Brazil, Venezuela.
Exogamous marriage pattern with speakers of other languages. Cubeo is the lingua franca of the northwest section of the Vaupés and Tucano is the lingua franca for the southeast section. Decrease in infant mortality has caused an increase in population. Traditional religion, Christian.