Tai Ya

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A language of China

Alternate Names
Cung, Daiya, Huayao Dai, Multi-colored Waistband Tai, Tai Cung, Tai-Chung, Tai-Cung, Ya, Yuanxin Hongjin Dai
Population

50,000 in China (2000 census). Population total all countries: 50,400. Ethnic population: 50,000 (2000 census). Based on county level Dai populations.

Location

Central and south Yunnan Province, Yuxi prefecture, Xinping Yi-Dai autonomous county, Mosha district; Yuanjiang Hani, Yi, and Dai autonomous counties; Honghe Hani and Yi autonomous prefectures, Yuanyang and Honghe counties.

Language Status

6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized nationality: Dai.

Dialects

Tai Chung (Cung, Dai Zhong), Tai Kha (Dai Ka), Tai Sai (Dai Sai), Tai Ya. Dialects mutually intelligible, though speakers of the latter 3 may understand Tai Ya dialect (the largest) more easily than speakers of Tai Ya understand the other 3 dialects. Some linguists have analyzed Tai Ya as most similar to Tai Nüa [tdd], others have grouped Tai Ya with other non-Buddhist Southwestern Tai groups. Tai Ya is probably not easily intelligible with other varieties of Tai.

Typology

SVO; tonal, 6 tone categories in unchecked syllables, 2 (split into 4 according to vowel length) in checked syllables; nasal and stop finals.

Language Use

Most domains. All ages. Positive attitudes.

Language Development
Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1922.
Other Comments

Called Daiya or Huayao Dai (Multi-colored Waistband Dai) in China. Traditional religion, Christian.

Also spoken in:

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