Ethnic population: 15,000 (2015 L. Rose).
Sabah: Tongod district, primarily upper reaches of Kinabatangan river; Lahad Datu district.
Kalabuan (Kolobuan), Makiang, , Sinabu’ (Sinobu’), Sinarupa, Kuamut. Dialects have approximately 87% mutual intelligibility. Lexical similarity: over 90% among all dialects, 80% between Makiang and Sinabu’ dialects.
Latin script [Latn], developed in about 1984 till 2004.
Christian, Muslim, traditional religion.