100,000 in Mali (2007 M. Almaki), increasing. 70,000 youth are monolingual. Population total all countries: 101,800.
Gao Region, Menaka circle; west into Ansongo circle. Menaka is principal town. Also in Algeria.
SVO; stress system
Vigorous. All ages. Positive attitudes. Some also use Tamasheq [taq], although women and children in isolated encampments understand very little.
Shares culture with Tamasheq [taq].