Dzongkha

Print

A language of Bhutan

Alternate Names
Bhotia of Bhutan, Bhotia of Dukpa, Bhutanese, Drukha, Drukke, Dukpa, Jonkha, Rdzongkha, Zongkhar
Population

160,000 in Bhutan (2006). Population total all countries: 171,080.

Location

Ha, Paru, Punakha districts.

Language Maps
Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (2008, Constitution, Article 1(8)).

Dialects

Ha, Northern Thimphu, Wang-The (Thimphu-Punakha). As different from Central Tibetan [bod] as Nepali [npi] is from Hindi [hin]. Partially intelligible with Sikkimese [sip] (Denjoke). Dialects may be separate languages. Lexical similarity: 48% with Tshangla [tsj], 47%–52% with Bumthangkha [kjz], 77% with Adap [adp].

Language Use

Also use Dzongkha [dzo].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 54%. Literacy rate in L2: Below 5%. Common school language. Radio programs. Grammar. NT: 2000.
Writing

Tibetan script [Tibt], official usage.

Other Comments

Buddhist.

Also spoken in:

Expand All Collapse All