E

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A language of China

Alternate Names
Eahua, Kjang E, “Wuse Hua” (pej.), “Wusehua” (pej.)
Population

30,000 (Edmondson 1992).

Location

North Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Rongshui Hmong autonomous county, Yongle district, Xiatan, Simo, Xinglong (Xingyou) and other villages; Luocheng Mulam autonomous county border areas.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

A mixed language, with large amounts of Tuguai Hua (also called Pinghua, a Yue Chinese [yue] dialect) and Guiliu Hua (a southwest Mandarin [cmn] dialect) vocabulary, tone category, voice quality, and some word structure. The grammar has been more resistant to Chinese influence. Chinese scholars consider E a mixture of Northern Zhuang languages, Mulam [mlm], Dong [doc] and Chinese.

Typology

Tonal

Language Use

Also use Yue Chinese [yue] or the Guiliu dialect of southwestern Mandarin Chinese [cmn].

Other Comments

Ethnic autonym: E. Classified as Zhuang nationality in China, but Northern Zhuang languages are not used. Traditional religion.