22,500 in Panama (2012 SIL). Population total all countries: 72,200.
East, in Darien (Chepigana district), Panama (Chiman and Chepos districts), and Emberá provinces; lowland jungle along rivers, Gulf San Miguel area.
Related languages in order of closeness: Emberá-Catíoc[cto], Emberá-Baudó [bdc], Emberá-Tadó [tdc], Epena [sja], Emberá-Chamí [cmi], and Wounmeu [noa]. Panama and Colombia dialects are inherently intelligible. Northern Embera of the Upper Baudó area and downriver Emberá-Baudó are inherently intelligible.
SOV; postpositions; noun head both initial and final; 2 (human, non-human); content q-word initial; no prefixes, up to 5 suffixes; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; verbal affixation marks number; ergativity; both tense and aspect; passives and voice (by switching order of S and O); nontonal; 20 consonant and 12 vowel phonemes (6 vowels plus autosegmental nasalization).
Home, friends, some churches. Positive attitudes. N. Emberas in Panama Province are bilingual in Spanish [spa]; those under 30 may speak only Spanish but understand Embera to some extent. In the Darien Province, men as well as women under 30 speak Spanish to a lesser degree.
Latin script [Latn].
Traditional religion, Christian.