Enets, Tundra

Print

A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Madu, Somatu, Yenisei Samoyedic
Population

40 (2010 census). 6 in Vorontsovo, 3 in Karepovsk (2005 O. Khanina and A. Shluinsky). Ethnic population: 200 together with Forest Enets (2002 census).

Location

Vorontsovo and Karepovsk settlements; some nomads near Tukhard.

Language Maps
Language Status

8b (Nearly extinct).

Dialects

Tundra and Forest Enets [enf] barely mutually intelligible. Transitional between Nenets [yrk] and Nganasan [nio]. Formerly officially considered part of Nenets.

Language Use

Under 10% of ethnic group speaks Enets. Few domains. Mainly older adults. Neutral attitudes. Bilingual in Russian [rus]. Some also use Nganasan [nio] (Salminen 2007).

Language Development
Grammar.