Even

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A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Eben, Ewen, Ilqan, Lamut, Orich
Population

5,660 (2010 census). Ethnic population: 21,800 (2010 census).

Location

Half of all Evens scattered in Sakha (Yakutiya); Magadanskaya Oblast’, Khabarovski District.

Language Status

7 (Shifting).

Dialects

Arman, Indigirka, Kamchatka, Kolyma-Omolon, Lamunkhin, Okhotsk, Ola, Sakkyryr, Tompon, Upper Kolyma. Many dialects. Arman has no remaining speakers. Ola (basis for literary Even) not accepted by dialect speakers.

Language Use

Strongest in Sakha (Beryozovka, Sebyan-Kyuly) and Northern Magadan Oblast (Seymchan). Evens learn the language of ethnicities around them, and switch to that language when a non-Even is present. Few domains. Mainly older adults. Positive attitudes. Also use Koryak [kpy], Russian [rus], Yakut [sah]. Used as L2 by Chukchi [ckt], Northern Yukaghir [ykg], Southern Yukaghir [yux].

Language Development
Some literature available. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1880–2001.
Writing

Cyrillic script [Cyrl], two orthographical standards, limited usage.

Other Comments

Many dialects divided into two main groups: Western and Eastern Even. Traditional religion, Christian.