Finnish

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A language of Finland

Alternate Names
Suomi
Population

5,100,000 in Finland (ELDIA 2012). 30,000 speakers of Tornedalen Finnish. Population total all countries: 5,392,180.

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (2000, Constitution, Article 17(1,2)).

Dialects

Central and North Pohjanmaa, Häme (Tavast), Peräpohja, Savo (Savolax), South Pohjanmaa, Southeastern Finnish (Finnish Karelian, Finnish Karjala), Southwestern Finnish. Southeastern dialects called, Karelian, in colloquial Finnish are distinct from true Karelian [krl] (1988 T. Salminen). Finnish is closely related to Karelian [krl] and Livvi [olo]. In the Russian Federation eastern dialects merge gradually into Karelian.

Typology

SVO.

Language Use

3,175,000 also use English [eng]. 907,000 also use Standard German [deu]. 2,066,000 also use Swedish [swe].

Language Development
Fully developed. Bible: 1642–1991.
Writing

Braille script [Brai]. Latin script [Latn], primary usage.

Other Comments

Christian.

Also spoken in:

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