4,700,000 in Finland (1993). 30,000 speakers of Tornedalen Finnish. Population total all countries: 4,994,490.
Also in Canada, Estonia, Norway, Russian Federation, Sweden, United States.
1 (National). Statutory national language (2000, Constitution, Article 17(1,2)).
Central and North Pohjanmaa, Häme (Tavast), Peräpohja, Savo (Savolax), South Pohjanmaa, Southeastern Finnish (Finnish Karelian, Finnish Karjala), Southwestern Finnish. Southeastern dialects called, Karelian, in colloquial Finnish are distinct from true Karelian [krl] (1988 T. Salminen). Finnish is closely related to Karelian [krl] and Livvi [olo]. In the Russian Federation eastern dialects merge gradually into Karelian.
About 300,000 also use Swedish [swe].