5,100,000 in Finland (European Commission 2012). 30,000 speakers of Tornedalen Finnish. Population total all countries: 5,392,180.
1 (National). Statutory national language (2000, Constitution, Article 17(1,2)).
Central and North Pohjanmaa, Häme (Tavast), Peräpohja, Savo (Savolax), South Pohjanmaa, Southeastern Finnish (Finnish Karelian, Finnish Karjala), Southwestern Finnish. Southeastern dialects called, Karelian, in colloquial Finnish are distinct from true Karelian [krl] (1988 T. Salminen). Finnish is closely related to Karelian [krl] and Livvi [olo]. In the Russian Federation eastern dialects merge gradually into Karelian.