30,000 in Sweden (Parkvall 2009). Population total all countries: 60,000.
Northeast, Norrbotten County, Gällivare, Kiruna, Pajala, Övertorneå, and Haparanda municipalities. Also in Finland.
2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in administrative area municipalities: Gällivare, Haparanda, Kiruna, Pajala, Övertoneå (2009, NMNML Act No. 724, Art, 6).
Gällivare Finnish, Torne Valley Finnish, Vittangi Finnish. Finnish [fin] not totally intelligible to speakers, especially abstract and complex discourse.
SVO; postpositions; genitives before noun heads; articles, adjectives, numerals before noun heads; question word initial
Some speakers refer to it as Finnish. Influences from Swedish [swe]. Finnish speakers settled here 12th century. Christian.