Kalispel-Pend d’Oreille

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A language of United States

Alternate Names
“Flathead-Kalispel” (pej.), “Kalispel-Flathead” (pej.), Salish
Population

64 (2005 T. Pete), decreasing. 58 in Salish and Pend d’Oreille; 4 in Kalispel (2000 census). Ethnic population: 6,800 (1997).

Location

Northeast Washington, Kalispel Reservation; northwest Montana, Flathead Reservation.

Language Status

8b (Nearly extinct).

Dialects

Bitterroot Salish, Flathead, Kalispel, Pend D’oreille.

Language Use

Shifting to English [eng]. Flathead dialect classes in some reservation schools and at the tribal college. Language camp in the summer. Kalispel Tribe has begun documentation and revitalization program (2007). General communication among fluent elders with extensive code-switching to English [eng], prayers. Older adults only.

Other Comments

Spokane [spo] is a coordinate language variety.