Equatorial Guinean Pidgin


A language of Equatorial Guinea

Alternate Names
Criollo, Fernandino, Fernando Po Creole English, Fernando Po Krio, Pichi, Pichinglis, Pidgin de Guinea Ecuatorial, Pidginglis

6,000 (2011 S. Smith), increasing. Very few monolinguals. Ethnic population: 6,000. L2 users: 70,000 (2011 S. Smith).


North central Bioko Island, Fernando Po, Malabo area; Musola, Las Palmas, Sampaca, Basupu, Fiston, and Balveri de Cristo Rey.

Language Status

3 (Wider communication).Used as LWC across Bioko island, including the capital city of Malabo, in all domains except education and government.


None known. Offshoot of Krio [kri] of Sierra Leone; intelligible with Cameroon Pidgin [wes], Nigerian Pidgin [pcm], but it has 20% of its lexical inventory as loanwords from Spanish [spa].


English-based Atlantic creole with Spanish loan words.

Language Use

All domains except government. All ages. Very positive attitudes, especially among youth. Language of instruction in school is Spanish [spa]. Also use Bube [bvb], English [eng], Fang [fan]. Used as L2 by Bube [bvb], Fa d’Ambu [fab], Fang [fan], Kombe [nui], Kwasio [nmg].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Virtually none. Literacy rate in L2: 75% in Spanish. Poetry. Grammar. Bible portions.

Latin script [Latn], used since 2006.

Other Comments