Fulfulde, Adamawa


A language of Cameroon

Alternate Names
Adamawa Fulani, Boulbe, Domona, Dzemay, Eastern Fulani, Foulfoulde, Ful, Fula, Fulata, Fulbe, Fulfulde, Mbororo, Palata, Peul, Peulh

669,000 in Cameroon (1986). Possibly 13,000,000 speakers of all Fulfulde varieties. Population total all countries: 929,500.


Widespead in Far North, North and Adamawa regions. Also in Chad, Nigeria, South Sudan, Sudan, United States.

Language Status

3 (Wider communication).


Akuure, Bilkire (Bilkiri), Garoua, Maroua, Ngaondéré, Nomadic Fulfulde - Mbororoore. Lexical similarity: high with Maroua, Garoua, and Ngaoundere dialects.


SVO, Maroua dialect sometimes uses VSO

Language Use

Clans often only permit marriage within the same clan. Adult men will speak Adamawa Fulfulde, while women and children will speak their specific clan’s dialect. Home, neighborhood, work. All ages. Positive attitudes. Low proficiency in Fulfulde [fub] and French [fra]. Schooling is in French.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Low compared with national average. Arabic script literacy is 2–3 times greater than Roman script literacy and growing. Franco-Arabic and Anglo-Arabic schools are increasing rapidly. Poetry. Newspapers. Radio programs. Films. Videos. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1983.
Arabic script, Maghribi and Naskh styles. Latin script.
Other Comments

Glossonym: Fulfulde. Ethnonym: Fulbe. Muslim, Christian.

Also spoken in:

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