Pulaar

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A language of Senegal

Alternate Names
Peul, Peulh, Pulaar Fulfulde
Population

2,740,000 in Senegal (2006). Population total all countries: 3,691,000.

Location

Fulbe Jeeri and Toucouleur mostly in Senegal river valley; Upper Casamance Region, Fulacunda, west of Kolda to Gambia river headwaters.

Language Status

5 (Developing). Recognized language (2001, Constitution, Article 1).

Dialects

Fulacunda (Fulakunda, Fulkunda), Toucouleur (Fulbe Jeeri, Haalpulaar, Pulaar, Tokilor, Tukolor, Tukulor). A member of macrolanguage Fulah [ful].

Language Use

Most domains. All ages. Also use French [fra], Jola-Fonyi [dyo]. Used as L2 by Gusilay [gsl], Mlomp [mlo], Saafi-Saafi [sav], Soninke [snk], Wamey [cou].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 10%–30%. Literacy rate in L2: 15%–25%. New media. Radio programs. Grammar. NT: 1997.
Writing

Arabic script [Arab], Maghribi and Naskh styles. Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Muslim.

Also spoken in:

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