Fulfulde, Western Niger

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A language of Niger

Alternate Names
Fula, Fulani, Fulbe, Gorgal Fulfulde, Northeastern Burkina Faso Fulfulde, Peul, Peulh
Population

450,000 in Niger (2007). Population total all countries: 1,230,000. Ethnic population: 1,000,000 (all Fulani).

Location

West, Burkina Faso border east to Dogondoutchi area. Also in Benin (Gorgal Fulfulde), Burkina Faso (Northeastern Burkina Faso Fulfulde).

Language Maps
Language Status

4 (Educational). Recognized language (1999, Constitution, Article 3).

Dialects

Bitinkoore, Dallol, Tera.

Typology

SVO; prepositions and postpositions; genitives, articles, adjectives, numerals, relatives after noun heads; question word final; 1 prefix, 9 suffixes; word order distinguishes subjects, objects, indirect objects, given and new information, topic and comment; verb affixes mark number, subject (obligatory); class marking with participle obligatory; middle and passive voice; causatives; CV, CVC, CVV, CVVC; nontonal

Language Use

Vigorous. Some who move into the city speak Zarma [dje]. All domains. All ages. Most are bilingual. Also use Zarma [dje].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 5%–10%. Radio programs. TV. Bible portions: 2003–2005.
Writing
Arabic script, Maghribi and Naskh styles. Latin script.
Other Comments

The Fulbe from Senegal to Sudan consider themselves 1 ethnic group speaking 1 language, but acknowledge differences in speech. Muslim.

Also spoken in:

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