Fulfulde, Nigerian


A language of Nigeria

Alternate Names
Kano-Katsina Fulfulde

11,500,000 in Nigeria (2000), increasing. 340,000 in Sokoto.


Kano-Katsina: Kano, Katsina, Zaria, Jos plateau and southeast to Bauchi; Bornu State, Bororro, Maiduguri is center; Sokoto State, Sokoto. Also in Cameroon (Kano-Katsina-Bororro Fulfulde), Chad (Kano-Katsina-Bororro Fulfulde).

Language Status

3 (Wider communication).


Bororo (Aku, Fulfulde Caka Nigeria, Mbororo, Nomadic Fulfulde, Woylaare), Kano-Katsina, Sokoto. Intelligibility 40%–50% of Fulfulde [fub] Cameroon. Lexical similarity: highest with Fulfulde central-eastern Niger [fuq], then Adamawa Fulfulde [fub], then Fulfulde, Benin-Togo [fue], then western Niger, Burkina Faso, Mali, Guinea, and Senegal.

Language Use

Home, some use in market. All ages, but youth increasingly want to learn English. Mixed attitudes. Proud of their oral and written language; but in last 10 years they view speaking and writing English as more prestigious. 95% in trade or local languages.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: Below 1% in Roman script; below 20% in Arabic script. Keen interest in younger generation learning to read and write. Poetry. Dictionary. NT: 2007–2010.
Arabic script, Maghribi and Naskh styles, used since 2011. Latin script, used since 2003.
Other Comments

Sokoto is a major Fulbe geopolitical unit. Caka (Fulfulde Caka Nigeria dialect) means central. Muslim.

Also spoken in:

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