11,500,000 in Nigeria (2000), increasing. 340,000 in Sokoto.
Kano-Katsina: Kano, Katsina, Zaria, Jos plateau and southeast to Bauchi; Bornu State, Bororro, Maiduguri is center; Sokoto State, Sokoto. Also in Cameroon (Kano-Katsina-Bororro Fulfulde), Chad (Kano-Katsina-Bororro Fulfulde).
3 (Wider communication).
Bororo (Aku, Fulfulde Caka Nigeria, Mbororo, Nomadic Fulfulde, Woylaare), Kano-Katsina, Sokoto. Intelligibility 40%–50% of Fulfulde [fub] Cameroon. Lexical similarity: highest with Fulfulde central-eastern Niger [fuq], then Adamawa Fulfulde [fub], then Fulfulde, Benin-Togo [fue], then western Niger, Burkina Faso, Mali, Guinea, and Senegal.
Home, some use in market. All ages, but youth increasingly want to learn English. Mixed attitudes. Proud of their oral and written language; but in last 10 years they view speaking and writing English as more prestigious. 95% in trade or local languages.
Sokoto is a major Fulbe geopolitical unit. Caka (Fulfulde Caka Nigeria dialect) means central. Muslim.